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Install a processor and heat sink

This task has instructions for installing an assembled processor and heat sink, known as a processor-heat-sink module (PHM). This task requires a Torx T30 driver. This procedure must be executed by a trained technician.

About this task

Attention
  • Read Installation Guidelines and Safety inspection checklist to ensure that you work safely.

  • Power off the server and disconnect all power cords for this task.

  • Prevent exposure to static electricity, which might lead to system halt and loss of data, by keeping static-sensitive components in their static-protective packages until installation, and handling these devices with an electrostatic-discharge wrist strap or other grounding systems.

  • Each processor socket must always contain a cover or a PHM. When removing or installing a PHM, protect empty processor sockets with a cover.

  • Do not touch the processor socket or processor contacts. Processor-socket contacts are very fragile and easily damaged. Contaminants on the processor contacts, such as oil from your skin, can cause connection failures.

  • Do not allow the thermal grease on the processor or heat sink to come in contact with anything. Contact with any surface can compromise the thermal grease, rendering it ineffective. Thermal grease can damage components, such as the electrical connectors in the processor socket.

  • Remove and install only one PHM at a time. If the processor board supports multiple processors, install the PHMs starting with the first processor socket.

  • To ensure the best performance, check the manufacturing date on the new heat sink and make sure it does not exceed 2 years. Otherwise, wipe off the existing thermal grease and apply the new grease onto it for optimal thermal performance.

Note
  • The heat sink, processor, and processor carrier for the system might be different from those shown in the illustrations.

  • PHMs are keyed for the socket where they can be installed and for their orientation in the socket.

  • See Lenovo ServerProven website for a list of processors supported for your server. All processors on the processor board must have the same speed, number of cores, and frequency.

  • Before you install a new PHM or replacement processor, update your system firmware to the latest level. See Update the firmware.

The following illustration shows the components of the PHM.
Figure 1. PHM components
PHM components

1 Heat sink9 Clips to secure processor in carrier
2 Heat sink triangular mark10 Carrier triangular mark
3 Processor identification label11 Processor ejector handle
4 Nut and wire bail retainer12 Processor heat spreader
5 Torx T30 nut13 Thermal grease
6 Anti-tilt wire bail14 Processor contacts
7 Processor carrier15 Processor triangular mark
8 Clips to secure carrier to heat sink 
Watch the procedure
  • A video of this procedure is available on YouTube.

Procedure

  1. If you are replacing a processor and reusing the heat sink.
    1. Remove the processor identification label from the heat sink and replace it with the new label that comes with the replacement processor.
    2. If there is any old thermal grease on the heat sink, wipe the thermal grease from the bottom of the heat sink with an alcohol cleaning pad.
  2. If you are replacing a heat sink and reusing the processor.
    1. Remove the processor identification label from the old heat sink and place it on the new heat sink in the same location. The label is on the side of the heat sink closest to the triangular alignment mark.
      Note
      If you are unable to remove the label and place it on the new heat sink, or if the label is damaged during transfer, write the processor serial number from the processor identification label on the new heat sink in the same location as the label would be placed using a permanent marker.
    2. Install processor in new carrier.
      Figure 2. Installing a processor carrier
      Installing a processor carrier

      Note
      Replacement heat sinks come with both gray and black processor carriers. Make sure to use the carrier with the same color as the one you discarded earlier.
      1. Make sure the handle on the carrier is in the closed position.

      2. Align the processor on the new carrier so that the triangular marks align; then, insert the marked end of the processor into the carrier.

      3. Hold the inserted end of the processor in place; then, pivot the unmarked end of the carrier down and away from the processor.

      4. Press the processor and secure the unmarked end under the clip on the carrier.

      5. Carefully pivot the sides of the carrier down and away from the processor.

      6. Press the processor and secure the sides under the clips on the carrier.

        Note
        To prevent the processor from falling out of the carrier, keep the processor-contact side up and hold the processor-carrier assembly by the sides of the carrier.
  3. Apply thermal grease.
    1. Carefully place the processor and carrier in the shipping tray with the processor-contact side down. Make sure the triangular mark on the carrier is aligned with the triangular mark in the shipping tray.
    2. If there is any old thermal grease on the processor, gently wipe the top of the processor with an alcohol cleaning pad.
      Note
      Make sure the alcohol has fully evaporated before applying new thermal grease.
    3. Apply the thermal grease on the top of the processor with a syringe by forming four uniformly spaced dots, while each dot consists of about 0.1 ml of thermal grease.
      Figure 3. Thermal grease application with processor in shipping tray
      Thermal grease application with processor in shipping tray

  4. Assemble the processor and heat sink.
    Figure 4. Assembling the PHM with processor in shipping tray
    Assembling the PHM with processor in shipping tray

    1. Align the triangular mark on the heat sink label with the triangular mark on the processor carrier and processor.
    2. Install the heat sink onto the processor-carrier.
    3. Press the carrier into place until the clips at all four corners engage.
  5. (Optional) If the server has been pre-installed with a PHM filler and a socket filler, generally on processor two, it is required to remove the fillers first before you proceed with further installation.
    Figure 5. PHM filler removal

    1. Open the retaining clip on each end of the memory module slots next to the left and right sides of the processor two slot.
    2. Lift the PHM filler from the slots.
  6. Install the processor-heat-sink module to the processor board.
    Figure 6. Installing a PHM
    Installing a PHM

    1. Rotate the anti-tilt wire bails inward.
    2. Align the triangular mark and four Torx T30 nuts on the PHM with the triangular mark and threaded posts of the processor socket; then, insert the PHM into the processor socket.
    3. Rotate the anti-tilt wire bails outward until they engage with the hooks in the socket.
    4. Fully tighten the Torx T30 nuts in the installation sequence shown on the heat-sink label. Tighten the screws until they stop; then, visually inspect to make sure that there is no gap between the screw shoulder beneath the heat sink and the processor socket. (For reference, the torque required for the fasteners to fully tighten is 0.9-1.3 newton-meters, 8-12 inch-pounds.)
  7. If the processor comes with a T-shaped heat sink, fully tighten the two heat sink screws as shown. (For reference, the torque required for the fasteners to fully tighten is 0.9-1.3 newton-meters, 8-12 inch-pounds.)
    Figure 7. Tightening T-shaped heat sink screws
    Tightening T-shaped heat sink screws

After you finish

Complete the parts replacement. See Complete the parts replacement.